Saving electricity makes sense in two ways- one, it saves you money on your bills and second it is better for the environment. When you reduce your electricity demand, you actually reduce your carbon footprint. It is very simple, the less electricity your home uses, then the less coal needs to be burned at the power station. Believe it or not, the average home produces more pollution through its demand for energy than a car does in a year.
Without doubt the easiest and most effective way to save on energy is to start switching appliances off when they are not in use. Lights, Tvs and computers are the main culprits as people are happy to turn them on but they tend to leave them on all day just so that they are on when they need them. This is obviously wasteful and it only takes a little awareness to get into the habit of turning them off regularly to make a big difference.
Heating tends to be the biggest energy drain in any household such as general house heating, air conditioning and so on. With just a little planning you can save a lot of energy simply by reducing the thermostat a few degrees and setting the heating to come on a little later and switch off a little earlier.
Getting your home properly insulated makes a big difference to your heating bill and it doesn't have to cost very much- all you have to do is plug any draughts, use thick curtains in your windows and if you don't have double glazing, you really need to get it installed because it makes a huge difference in the winter months.
As for lighting, replace any old incandescent bulbs with energy efficient ones, they will last far longer and use far less electricity. Get into the habit of turning lights off at night in rooms you are not using. Consider using a ceiling fan instead of air conditioning and also consider space heating of just the rooms that are in use and not heating empty rooms pointlessly.
Another great saving is with regards drying laundry. Electric clothes dryers use a lot of electricity and you can use alternatives such as dehumidifiers or a simple indoor laundry rack, or just hang the clothes outside on a line.
You can save energy by setting your washer on a shorter cycle and at a lower heat setting. Also make sure your washer is energy efficient by checking on the manufacturers web site or the washer's manual- as a general rule all front loaders are fairly energy efficient. The same goes for fridges and freezers, generally the older ones are the least energy efficient, so if yours is an older model consider replacing it as it will be more economical in the long run.
In conclusion here are a few energy saving tips
Turn off the oven 5 minutes earlier and cook as many things as possible at the same time. Always pack a full load into your washing machine and use the lowest recommended heat setting. Try using a steamer instead of boiling your vegetables and stack several on one hob.
Wear warm clothes like onesies in the winter instead of having the heating on.
Get an energy smart meter to keep track of your usage. Let your hair dry naturally after towel drying instead of using a hairdryer. Only put as much water as you need in the kettle.
Check out this video for more energy saving tips -